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Japonisme: Japonisme is a French term that refers to the popularity and influence of Japanese art and design among a number of Western European artists in the nineteenth
Dutch Golden Age painting: genres" in painting, whereby some types were regarded as more prestigious than others, led many painters to want to produce history painting. However,
Renaissance art: Contemporary with Giovanni Pisano, the Florentine painter Giotto developed a manner of figurative painting that was unprecedentedly naturalistic, three-dimensional
Early Netherlandish painting: Netherlandish and other Northern painters traveled to Italy, Renaissance ideals and painting styles were incorporated into northern painting. As a result, Early Netherlandish
Color field: field painting "color is freed from objective context and becomes the subject in itself." During the late 1950s and 1960s, color field painters emerged
La parisienne japonaise: Paris. The Ukiyo-e became a great influence on painting and the decorative arts. At that time, Japonisme influenced Steven' work, just as James McNeill
Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painting: Antwerp. Dutch and Flemish painters were also instrumental in establishing new subjects such as landscape painting and genre painting. Joachim Patinir, for
Baroque painting: greatest painters of the Baroque period are Velázquez, Caravaggio, Rembrandt, Rubens, Poussin, and Vermeer. Caravaggio is an heir of the humanist painting of
History of painting: Western painting later found audiences in the aristocracy and the middle class. From the Modern era, the Middle Ages through the Renaissance painters worked
Flemish Baroque painting: history painter in Antwerp between 1600 and 1620, although after 1609 Rubens was the leading figure. Both Van Dyck and Jacob Jordaens were active painting monumental
Italian Renaissance painting: for these periods represent the overall trend in Italian painting and do not cover all painters as the lives of individual artists and their personal styles
Naïve art: frankness. Paintings of this kind typically have a flat rendering style with a rudimentary expression of perspective. One particularly influential painter of
Academic art: finished and idealized painting style. Although academic painters began a painting by first making drawings and then painting oil sketches of their subject
Still life: art history, starting with Dutch painters around 1600. The popular appreciation of the realism of still-life painting is related in the ancient Greek legend
Expressionism: architecture, painting, literature, theatre, dance, film and music. The term is sometimes suggestive of angst. In a historical sense, much older painters such
Action painting: Greenberg, "Post Painterly Abstraction". Rosenberg's critique shifted the emphasis from the object to the struggle itself, with the finished painting being only
Rococo: Watteau and the Féte Galante in decorative painting was François Boucher (1703–1770), the favorite painter of Madame de Pompadour. His work included the
Orientalism: religious painter, Wilkie made the trip with a Protestant agenda to reform religious painting, as he believed that: "a Martin Luther in painting is as much
La Japonaise (painting): La Japonaise is a 1876 oil painting by the French Impressionist painter Claude Monet. Painted on a 231.8 cm × 142.3 cm (91+1⁄4 in × 56 in) canvas, the
Realism (arts): of marine painting largely disappeared in fine art until the early Industrial Revolution, scenes from which were painted by a few painters such as Joseph
Ukiyo-e: particularly the landscapes of Hokusai and Hiroshige. From the 1870s onwards, Japonisme became a prominent trend and had a strong influence on the early Impressionists
Japonaiserie (Van Gogh): "Exchange of Influences in the Fine Arts between Japan and Europe." Japonisme in Art: An International Symposium (1980): 14. "Commodore Perry and Japan
Illusionistic ceiling painting: Illusionistic ceiling painting, which includes the techniques of perspective di sotto in sù and quadratura, is the tradition in Renaissance, Baroque and
Impressionism: painting. They constructed their pictures from freely brushed colours that took precedence over lines and contours, following the example of painters
International Gothic: Pisanello, Painter to the Renaissance Court. London: National Gallery. ISBN 1-85709946-X. Thomas, Marcel (1979). The Golden Age: Manuscript Painting at the
Western painting: patronage, Western painting later found audiences in the aristocracy and the middle class. From the Middle Ages through the Renaissance painters worked for the
Gothic art: had a great impact in the north. Painters like Robert Campin and Jan van Eyck made use of the technique of oil painting to create minutely detailed works
James Tissot: contemporaries such as Alfred Stevens and Claude Monet, Tissot also explored Japonisme, including Japanese objects and costumes in his pictures and expressing
Venetian painting: unexpected revival in the 18th, when Venetian painters enjoyed great success around Europe, as Baroque painting turned to Rococo. This had ended completely
Les Nabis: Auguste Cazalis, who drew a parallel between the way these painters aimed to revitalize painting (as 'prophets of modern art') and the way the ancient prophets
Florentine painting: and in the 15th century the leading school of Western painting. Some of the best known painters of the earlier Florentine School are Fra Angelico, Botticelli
Alfred Stevens (painter): Belgian painter, known for his paintings of elegant modern women. After gaining attention early in his career with a social realist painting depicting
Yōga: "floating pictures", woodblock prints utilizing western linear perspective. Japonisme List of art techniques Keene, Donald. Dawn to the West. Columbia University
Baroque: /bəˈroʊk/; French: [baʁɔk]) is a style of architecture, music, dance, painting, sculpture, poetry, and other arts that flourished in Europe from the early
Barbizon school: Post-Impressionist painter Vincent van Gogh studied and copied several of the Barbizon painters as well, including 21 copies of paintings by Millet. He copied
Félix Bracquemond: innovative style that marks the beginning of Japonisme in France. He was the husband of the Impressionist painter Marie Bracquemond. Félix Bracquemond was
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec: November 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2013. Berger, Klaus. (1992) Japonisme in Western Painting from Whistler to Matisse. Translated by David Britt. Cambridge:
Portrait of Père Tanguy: original version of the painting. Actor Edward G. Robinson and his wife Gladys Lloyd Robinson, a painter, owned the painting, which they sold to Greek
Romanticism: history painting in the manner of Claude Lorrain, like Salvator Rosa, a late Baroque artist whose landscapes had elements that Romantic painters repeatedly
High Renaissance: section for specific art historians’ positions). The best-known exponents of painting, sculpture and architecture of the High Renaissance include Leonardo da
Hyperrealism (visual arts): success of photorealist painting in the late 1960s and early 1970s. It is also called super-realism or hyper-realism and painters like Richard Estes, Denis
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood: Brotherhood (later known as the Pre-Raphaelites) was a group of English painters, poets, and art critics, founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett
Modernism: Greenberg became the voice of post-painterly abstraction when he curated an influential exhibition of new painting that toured important art museums throughout
Neo-expressionism: Abstract Expressionism, precedents in Pop Painting, and New Image Painting: a vague late 1970s term applied to painters who employed a strident figurative style
Mannerism: painter for the Medici family in 1539. A unique Mannerist characteristic of Bronzino's work was the rendering of milky complexions. In the painting,
Symphony in White, No. 2: The Little White Girl: symbolism of the painting, critics have found allusions to the work of Ingres, as well as oriental elements typical of the popular Japonisme. James Abbott
Bolognese School: The Bolognese School of painting, also known as the School of Bologna, flourished between the 16th and 17th centuries in Bologna, which rivalled Florence
Ancient Greek art: of art, and we have a considerable body of literature on Greek painting and painters, with further additions in Latin, though none of the treatises by
Metaphysical painting: the term "metaphysical" to describe de Chirico's paintings. In February 1917, the Futurist painter Carlo Carrà met de Chirico in Ferrara, where they
Roman art: called the 'painter of vulgar subjects'; yet these works are altogether delightful, and they were sold at higher prices than the greatest paintings of many
Abstract expressionism: series of paintings by Joan Miró. Greenberg perceived Color Field painting as related to but different from Action painting. The Color Field painters sought
The Proposition (Leyster): California Press. ISBN 9780520231658. Leuthold, Steven (2011). "Gender and Japonisme". Cross-Cultural Issues in Art: Frames for Understanding. Taylor & Francis
Neo-Impressionism: (from 1907), into their dynamic paintings and sculpture. The influence of Seurat and Signac on some Italian painters became evident in the First Triennale
Italo-Byzantine: mostly used for medieval paintings produced in Italy under heavy influence from Byzantine art. It initially covers religious paintings copying or imitating
Combine painting: A combine painting or Combine is an artwork that incorporates elements of both painting and sculpture. Items attached to paintings might include three-dimensional
Futurism: in 1911 the Futurist painters adopted the methods of the Cubists. Cubism offered them a means of analysing energy in paintings and expressing dynamism
Hudson River School: movement embodied by a group of landscape painters whose aesthetic vision was influenced by Romanticism. The paintings typically depict the Hudson River Valley
Pointillism: Pointillism (/ˈpwæ̃tɪlɪzəm/, also US: /ˈpwɑːn-ˌ ˈpɔɪn-/) is a technique of painting in which small, distinct dots of color are applied in patterns to form
Photorealism: different media, it is also used to refer specifically to a group of paintings and painters of the American art movement that began in the late 1960s and early
Vito D'Ancona: portrait painter, and few of his landscape paintings can be traced today. His Woman at the Races (ca. 1873) reveals the influence of Japonisme he had absorbed
Cubism: early-20th-century avant-garde art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music, literature and
Surrealism: he met Frida Kahlo and saw her paintings for the first time. Breton declared Kahlo to be an "innate" Surrealist painter. In 1929 the satellite group associated
Félix Vallotton: and Vallotton, who was like many artists of his era an enthusiast of Japonisme, collected these prints. Self portrait, 1891 Paul Adam, 1896 Léon Blum
Pop art: mundane reality, irony, and parody to "defuse" the personal symbolism and "painterly looseness" of abstract expressionism. In the U.S., some artwork by Larry
Artists of the Tudor court: decorative painting of fixtures and fittings, often of a very temporary nature. In theory the "Serjeant Painters" of the King, a lower rank of painter, did
Symbolism (arts): magazine Sburătorul. The symbolist painters were an important influence on expressionism and surrealism in painting, two movements which descend directly
Post-Impressionism: vivid colours, sometimes using impasto (thick application of paint) and painting from life, but were more inclined to emphasize geometric forms, distort
De Stijl: De Stijl is also the name of a journal that was published by the Dutch painter, designer, writer, and critic Theo van Doesburg that served to propagate
Romanesque art: probably much more so than paintings – the names of more makers of these objects are known than those of contemporary painters, illuminators or architect-masons
Art of Europe: Black-figure vase painting and Red-figure vase painting gives many surviving examples of what Greek painting was. Some famous Greek painters on wooden panels
Renaissance: literature. Early examples were the development of perspective in oil painting and the revived knowledge of how to make concrete. Although the invention
Fauvism: a group of early 20th-century modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities and strong color over the representational or realistic values
Japanese art: led to a fascination for Japanese culture; a craze known in Europe as Japonisme. Imperial patronage, government sponsorship, promotion to new audiences
Lyrical abstraction: type of abstract painting related to Abstract Expressionism; in use since the 1940s. Many well known abstract expressionist painters such as Arshile Gorky
Minoan art: some styles of pottery include figurative scenes. Bull-leaping appears in painting and several types of sculpture, and is thought to have had a religious
Argio Orell: appreciator of Japanese culture. He probably first came into contact with Japonisme during his stay in Munich. Orell approached Japanese art by reading journals
Nocturne: Blue and Silver – Chelsea: American Painters on Technique: 1860-1945. Getty Publications, 2013. 161. Sachi NAKACHI and CHEN Min. "Looking into Exhibitions: Mimicry, Japonisme and Intermediality
Minimalism (visual arts): specifically associated with minimalism was the painter Frank Stella, whose early "pinstripe" paintings were included in the 1959 show, 16 Americans, organized
Jean Rouppert: to a greater extent the Arts and Crafts Movement, the Art Nouveau and Japonisme appear in his works. This influence becomes visible through his ink drawings
Geometric art: phase of Greek art, characterized largely by geometric motifs in vase painting, that flourished towards the end of the Greek Dark Ages, c. 900–700 BC
School of Ferrara: Dossi: Court Painter in Renaissance Ferrara, a full text exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art Census of Ferrarese Paintings and Drawings
Realism (art movement): as a reaction to Romanticism and History painting. In favor of depictions of 'real' life, the Realist painters used common laborers, and ordinary people
Romanism (painting): Romanism is a term used by art historians to refer to painters from the Low Countries who had travelled in the 16th century to Rome. In Rome they had absorbed
Suprematism: 1912 with cubo-futurist works. The proliferation of new artistic forms in painting, poetry and theatre as well as a revival of interest in the traditional
Vorticism: and the post-impressionism of Roger Fry's Omega Workshops. Vorticist paintings emphasised 'modern life' as an array of bold lines and harsh colours drawing
Forlivese school of art: The Forlivese school of art was a group of Italian Renaissance painters and other artists. Most were born in Forlì or near it in the Emilia-Romagna region
Night in paintings (Western art): : 91  One of the first attempts in depicting night in paintings was by Taddeo Gaddi, an Italian painter and architect.: 67  Gaddi, fascinated by nocturnal
Reiji Hiramatsu: re-interpret Monet's Water Lilies, which in turn originally were inspired by Japonisme. Reiji's Water Lilies were exhibited in 2013 at the Museum of Impressionism
Medieval art: times in different places - Early Netherlandish painting is poised between the two, as is the Italian painter Pisanello. Outside Italy Renaissance styles
New European Painting: New European Painting emerged in the 1980s and reached a critical point of major distinction and influence in the 1990s with painters like Gerhard Richter
Nazarene movement: Nazarene was adopted by a group of early 19th-century German Romantic painters who aimed to revive spirituality in art. The name Nazarene came from a
Macchiaioli: Macchiaioli (Italian pronunciation: [makkjaˈjɔːli]) were a group of Italian painters active in Tuscany in the second half of the nineteenth century. They strayed
Carl Werntz: Arts. Werntz was a world traveler who was a proponent of Asian art and Japonisme. Through his own sketching and photographic expeditions to the American
George Hendrik Breitner: 1923) was a Dutch painter and photographer. An important figure in Amsterdam Impressionism, he is noted especially for his paintings of street scenes and
Vitreous enamel: Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 16 July 2020. Irvine, Gregory (2013). Japonisme and the rise of the modern art movement : the arts of the Meiji period :
French art: expressions dealing with the arts: peintre — painter peinture à l'huile — oil painting tableau — painting toile — canvas gravure — print dessin — drawing
Bauhaus: German painter, sculptor, and designer Oskar Schlemmer who headed the theatre workshop, and Swiss painter Paul Klee, joined in 1922 by Russian painter Wassily
Neoclassicism: comments on the decline of painting in his period. As for painting, Greek painting was utterly lost: Neoclassicist painters imaginatively revived it, partly
Cloisonnism: Cloisonnism is a style of post-Impressionist painting with bold and flat forms separated by dark contours. The term was coined by critic Édouard Dujardin
List of romantics: Guimarães (novelist) Manuel Antônio de Almeida (novelist) Visconde de Taunay (painting) Karel Hynek Mácha (poetry) Bedřich Smetana (music) Ján Kollár (fairy tales)

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